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New To Photography ? Here Are 10 Terms That Every Photographer Must Know

Are you ready to use your new DSLR ? You tend to confuse after having a look at the user manual . With all the technical terms it can be confusing to get what actually means what . however carrying a dictionary is not a good option when you are out capturing moments into your new DSLR . 

Understanding the technical terms of the photography is the first crucial step towards improving your skill as a beginner photographer . 

Well , out of hundred of terms related to photography , beginners should remember at least these 10 terms . And when it comes to learning you can always refer blogs and videos in this era . 

And now , we will talk about those 10 terms a beginner photographer must know .

Aperture :

This is the most important and the most useful term that one should know when it comes to photography . In simple terms 'aperture' is referred to the size of the opening in the lens . The more the opening the more light will flow through the lens and vice-versa . It means the more the aperture , the brighter will be the photo . Aperture is measured in terms of 'F-stops' . F-stop is inversely proportional to the aperture . the smaller the count of the f-stop the wider the opening of the lens is .  A small f-stop like f/1.8 is a wide opening where as a large f-stop like f/22 is a very narrow opening . Aperture is one of the main 3 camera settings that determines an image's exposure or we can say how bright or dark an image is . Wide aperture makes images with unfocused , blurry background while narrow aperture makes sharp images.

Aperture Adjustment  Sequence 

Aspect Ratio

It is simply the ratio of height to the width of an image or a screen . It is usually expressed as 2 numbers separated by a  colon , as in 8 * 10 . For X:Y aspect ratio ,no matter how big or small the image is , if x is divided into x units of equal length then height will be measured to y unit . An 8 * 10 image has equal aspect ratio as 4 * 5

Continuous Focus

Continuous focus  is a very important feature when it comes to photographing a moving object .  It is also referred to as 'Al Servo' . Normally , auto-focus locks on to subject and when the subject moves it the focus doesn't move , instead it stays locked at one point .  Your shot taken will be out of focus . But with the 'continuous focus' or 'al servo' , the auto-focus continue focusing till the photo is taken , this helps to take sharp image of the subject even if they are moving . Do learn about this camera setting if you love clicking moving objects . 

 Focus Mode Explained : Continuous AF

Depth Of Field 

'Depth of Field' can be referred as how much an image is in focus . Though the camera focuses on one point at a particular distance but there is a range of distance in the front and behind that point that stays sharp and in focus . This is referred to as 'Depth of Field' Landscapes have more of the image in focus , which is large depth of field . In landscapes , big range of distance stays sharp where as in portraits , you can often see unfocused , blurry background - this is shallow depth of field .

Burst Mode

This is the best way to process many images out of a single shot or simply you can continue snapping photos instead of one at a time . All you need to do is hold the button down until the buffer is full . Burst speed differs from camera to camera . The speed or burst speed is determined by 'Frames Per Second' or 'Fps' .

GoPro Hero 3 Firing In Burst Mode

Flash Sync

Flash is probably a burst of light and this setting determines when to fire this burst of light or simply when to turn on the flash . Usually , the flash fires before the image is taken at the beginning but adjusting the 'flash sync' mode changes the timing of when the flash is fired . The rear curtain flash sync mode fires the flash at the end of the photo instead of the beginning . Faster shutter speeds are better when there is significant ambient illumination and flash is used to flash fill subjects that are backlit without moton blur or to increase depth of field by using small aperture .


In photography , a 'histogram' is a graphical representation of the tonal value of your image or in other words it is a chart that depicts how many light and dark pixels are there in a image . It shows the amount of tones of particular brightness found in your photograph ranging from black(0 % bright) to white(100% bright) . The dark tones are displayed on the left side of the histogram . If the chart peaks to the right , image has a lot of light hues . A beginner should learn how to read a histogram as it can be invaluable at times . 

 Learn To Read Histogram

White Balance

Ever wondered why your subjects turn yellow when photographed within closed surrounding ? Understanding the concept of white balance is very important in digital photography . White Balance in digital photography means Adjusting colours so that the image looks more natural . there is an auto-white balance setting but like any automatic setting , it can help you complete your task but not accurately . So There is an option to manually set the white balance after the photograph is taken . 

All new photographers out there , are you ready to put these terms in use ? Along with these 10 terms here is a tip to make a great photo :

Remember the 'Rule Of Third' . This rule suggests imagining the frame to be divided intop 3 * 3 matrix . Always place your subject on the intersections of those imaginary line , instead of the centre of the photo . GOOD LUCK !

Rule Of Third Explained 

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Wednesday, 28 September 2022