The history of photographic studios and photography dates back to 19th century with the first camera making an appearance . The earliest photographic studios made use of painters' lighting technique to create photographic portraits . During that era the nothing was better than the sunlight with open window as the primary source of light of painters .
However Lately photographers adapted these techniques . Did anyone hear about Julia Margaret Cameron ? Born in Kolkatta , she was the person who applied the principle of fine art to photography using available light in a studio just like painters did .
Portrait Created By Julia Margaret Cameron
However at that time photography came with many disadvantages if compared to portrait painting . It was possible to create only black and white images . With few advancement photography suffered until 1850s because of the hight cost color films and processing . Very few could afford it so photographic studios weren't much into lime light .
People tried many things from time to time when setting up studios to cope up with different hurdles in photography . However lighting was a big hurdle at those times . Flash powder was the first means of artificial lighting that allowed to produce sufficient brightness to capture the action of the film . However this industry developed at a faster rate . With advancement in camera lenses , lighting and other techniques and equipment , studio photography gained hold and it became quite easier to produce images within a studio .
Micklethwaite's Portable Studio Between 1850-1860
During 30s celluloid films replaced glass plates . ISO increased progressively over the next 20 years . Photographic studios started using flashes in 1840 . However , not everyone could afford it as they were wuite expensive and dangerous . These flashes were also known as 'hot lights' and could have exploded . By 1860s they were in common use in professional studios . 'Tungsten Lights' or 'Hot Lights' were still in use . In around 70s even smaller studios got access to flash lights or strobes .
The first commercial use of photography was in the production of portraits . Photography replaced painting completely by 40s . with fully equipped studios in existence . The photography process was much shorter and simple as compared to painting , in which the subject and even the painter used to suffer .
The interior of the P. Gankevich's photographic studio
'Calotypes' was introduced in 1840s . With the introduction of calotypes the production of negative enabled the photographers to print as many copies as customer required , hence strengthening the very base for the studios . In 1850s small portraits called 'Ambrotypes' were being produced . The exposure time varied between 2 to 20 seconds in comparison to 8 hr long exposure when the first still portrait photograph was takenin 1826 . With the time passing by , saw the advancement in the photography . However , trick photography has always been around from as long as photography is . trick photography was later replaced by Photoshop .
It became easy and cheap to set up the photographic studios . Modern studios are equipped with new age lighting , gears and technology .They are capable of producing high quality images in bulk . From the past 15 years the studio setup has changed drastically and still getting more digital .